Diuretic and natriuretic responses to anf in the presence and absence of renal nerves in doca-salt hypertensive rats

Kaushik P. Patel, David W. Zeigler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine if renal nerves contributes in the renal response to atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats, diuretic and natriuretic responses to ANF were measured in Inactin (0.1 g/kg, i.p) anesthetized rats with unilateral renal denervation. Rats were assigned to either a control group (108±6 mmHg), or one of two DOCA-salt groups (injected with deoxycorticosterone acetate, DOCA, 25 mg/week, and given 0.9% saline to drink for 4 weeks); a) DOCA-salt group (137±6 mmHg) and b) DOCA-salt-BPC group (with blood pressure controlled at the level of the femoral artery (102±3 mmHg) by an occluder on the abdominal aorta proximal to the right renal artery). Urine flow and sodium excretion in response to ANF infusion (0.3 μg/min/kg) were measured from intact and denervated kidneys of control and DOCA-salt treated rats. ANF infusion produced a significant increase in diuresis and natriuresis in all three groups of rats. Urine flow and sodium excretion in response to ANF were significantly less in the intact kidney but not the denervated kidneys of the DOCA-salt rats compared to control rats. These results indicate that renal nerves contribute to the blunted renal responses to ANF in DOCA-salt rats. Renal responses also were significantly smaller in both intact and denervated kidneys of DOCA-salt-BPC rats (in which arterial pressure was reduced) compared to DOCA-salt rats. Overall, these results indicate that both renal nerves and arterial pressure determine the natriuretic and diuretic actions of ANF in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-270
Number of pages14
JournalClinical and Experimental Hypertension
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • ANF
  • DOCA-salt hypertension
  • Natriuresis
  • Renal nerves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology

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