Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase α (PI3Kα) is a promising target for anticancer drug design. Oncogenic mutation H1047R in the catalytic domain is observed in many tumors and may enhance PI3Kα kinase activity by affecting loop confirmations as well as membrane binding. We applied docking methods to 33 PI3K inhibitors against the wild type (wt) PI3Kα, the H1047R mutant of PI3Kα and the γ isoform of PI3K (PI3Kγ). We also investigated the effect of protein flexibility on ligand binding by docking the same set of ligands to conformations of the wt and mutant PI3Kα generated by molecular dynamics simulations. Our data suggests that conformational differences in Gln859, Ser854, Tyr836, and Ser774 between the PI3Kα wt and H1047R mutant may be used to design ligands that are active against both the wt and H1047R mutant isoforms. Gln859, Ser854 and Ser774 may play critical roles in ligand binding to the α isoform H1047R mutant while formation of H-bonds with Ser806 of PI3Kγ may enhance γ-isoform-specific inhibition. In addition to H-bond interactions, structural and size differences in the activation and hydrophobic domains of PI3Kα, PI3Kγ, and the PI3Kα H1047R mutant could be exploited to direct the design of isoform- and/or mutant-specific PI3K inhibitors. Our data provide a reasonable explanation for the activity and selectivity of small molecular PI3K inhibitors and are in good agreement with available experimental and computational data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Computer Science Applications
- Library and Information Sciences