Does a “hernia center” label provide better 30-day outcomes following elective ventral hernia repair? An analysis of the ACHQC database

Ivy N. Haskins, Li Ching Huang, Sharon Phillips, Benjamin Poulose, Arielle J. Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Currently, there is no agreed upon definition of a designated hernia center (DHC) and no study has investigated the association of hernia center designation with ventral hernia repair (VHR) outcomes. We sought to investigate the current utilization of DHC and the association of hernia center designation with VHR outcomes. Methods: All patients who underwent elective, ventral hernia repair with mesh with 30-day follow-up from 2013 through 2020 were in the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative (ACHQC) database. Patients were divided into two groups: those that underwent VHR at a DHC and those that underwent VHR at a non-designated hernia center site (NDHC). Using a 1:1 matched analysis, differences in the incidence of 30-day wound events, the total number of 30-day complications, one-year ventral hernia recurrence rates, and 30-day and one-year patient reported outcomes were compared between DHC and NDHC. Results: A total of 261 sites were included in our analysis; 78 (30%) were identified as DHC. After matching, there were 14,186 VHRs available for analysis. There was no significant difference in 30-day wound morbidity events. Patients who underwent VHR at NDHC were less likely to experience any 30-day complication or 1-year hernia recurrence while patients who underwent VHR at DHC had a statistically significant greater improvement in their HerQLes scores at one-year postoperatively. Conclusions: There is currently no clear superiority to VHR at a DHC. The ACHQC may self-select for surgeons invested in hernia repair outcomes regardless of hernia center designation. More standardized criteria for a hernia center are required in order to positively influence the value of hernia care delivered in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Abdominal core health
  • Abdominal wall
  • Center of excellent
  • Hernia
  • Hernia center

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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