Does inability to allocate attention contribute to balance constraints during gait in older adults?

Ka Chun Siu, Li Shan Chou, Ulrich Mayr, Paul Van Donkelaar, Marjorie H. Woollacott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Recent research has explored dual-task deficits during locomotion in older adults, yet the mechanisms underlying these deficits are poorly understood. In the current study, we examined one possible factor contributing to these deficits, the inability to flexibly allocate attention between two tasks. Methods. Twelve healthy young adults and 12 healthy elderly adults performed obstacle avoidance while walking and an auditory Stroop task either alone or simultaneously. Results. Using an attentional allocation index (AAI) to compare performance of healthy young and older adults and to measure the flexibility of allocation of attention, results showed a tendency in older adults toward a decreased ability to flexibly allocate their attention between the two tasks, with small AAI values. The decreased ability to allocate attention in older adults was found to be more prominent in the auditory Stroop task performance than in the obstacle avoidance task. Conclusion. This study suggests that an important factor contributing to decreased dual-task performance in older adults when simultaneously performing a postural and secondary cognitive task is a reduced ability to flexibly allocate attention between the two tasks, with the general ability to switch attention flexibly being predictive of the ability to adhere to a prioritized focus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1364-1369
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume63
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Attention
  • Gait

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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