Does visual speech provide release from perceptual masking in children?

Destinee M. Halverson, Kaylah Lalonde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adults benefit more from visual speech in speech maskers than in noise maskers because visual speech helps perceptually isolate target talkers from competing talkers. To investigate whether children use visual speech to perceptually isolate target talkers, this study compared children's speech recognition thresholds in auditory and audiovisual condition across two maskers: two-talker speech and noise. Children demonstrated similar audiovisual benefit in both maskers. Individual differences in speechreading accuracy predicted audiovisual benefit in each masker to a similar degree. Results suggest that although visual speech improves children's masked speech recognition thresholds, children may use visual speech in different ways than adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)EL221-EL226
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume148
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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