Double-evoked otoacoustic emissions. II. Intermittent noise rejection, calibration and ear-canal measurements

Douglas H. Keefe, Robert Ling

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42 Scopus citations


Measurements of double-click-evoked otoacoustics emissions (2CEOAEs) and double-chirp distortion products (2ChDPs) are reported for normal-hearing adults based upon theory presented in an earlier report [Keefe, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 3489-3498 (1998)]. The nonlinear acoustic response of a probe assembly used in ear-canal measurements is tested in a calibration cavity to compare the double-evoked (2E) technique with existing OAE techniques. The 2E technique reduces the peak distortion by approximately 30 dB relative to existing click-evoked techniques. The 2E subtraction of click responses is partially analogous to current techniques in that the linear response is eliminated, but differs in that high-frequency measurements are improved by eliminating time gating of the cochlear response, and low-frequency measurements are improved by reducing probe distortion, especially when two acoustic sources are used. Because time gating is eliminated, it is straightforward to measure the onset of a click-evoked OAE. The nonlinear coherence function is used to measure the nonlinear distortion signal-to- noise ratio (DNR) for the 2ChDPs and 2CEOAEs. The DNR is typically 20-30 dB. An intermittent noise rejection technique is implemented in real time that compares a currently acquired ear-canal response with a stored response. Dissimilar responses indicate the presence of intermittent noise, and the noise-contaminated responses are thereby discarded before ensemble averaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3499-3508
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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