No previously published studies have described double-lumen hemodialysis/apheresis catheters for use with continuous-flow apheresis collection of peripheral stem cell (PSC). We prospectively evaluated experiences with these catheters during both PSC collection and transplantation. Because of previously-described successful experiences with single-lumen apheresis catheters placed in the inferior vena cava, all catheters evaluated in this study were placed in this anatomic location. Our experience demonstrated high rates of thrombotic occlusion (65%) and catheter-related infections (15%). This method of access should not be considered optimal in its present state of use. Further investigation into preferred catheter design, anatomic location, and thrombosis prophylaxis during continuous-flow apheresis is warranted.
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