Driving coverage of charging stations for battery electric trucks located at truck stop facilities

Antonio Hurtado-Beltran, Laurence R. Rilett, Yunwoo Nam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Battery-powered electric trucks could soon be deployed on a large scale along long-haul routes on the U.S. trunk highway system. These vehicles have numerous advantages, including zero emissions, fuel savings, and lower maintenance costs, that make them attractive for motor carrier companies. However, the deployment of this technology depends on the development of a convenient network of fast-charging stations that can provide sufficient driving coverage along the Interstate highway system. The majority of existing fast-charging stations in rural areas currently are not adequate for the movement of large trucks. A potential solution is to install fast-charging stations at the vast network of rural truck stops. Truck stops are specifically designed for the movement of trucks and are already located on the routes with the highest truck demand. The main objective of this study was to develop a methodology for identifying the driving coverage provided if fast-charging stations were located at truck stop facilities along the U.S. Interstate highway system. The contiguous U.S.A. was taken as the study area. The study approach was based on a geographic information system network analysis with a specific focus on the service area. It was found that truck stop facilities could potentially provide 99.5% driving coverage for electric trucks on the Interstate highway system. This makes them opportune locations for future fast-charging stations. These findings may assist transportation planners and operators in defining strategies required for planning the deployment of long-haul electric trucks on the U.S. highway system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Record
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Pages850-866
Number of pages17
Volume2675
Edition12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • DCFC
  • Driving coverage
  • Electric truck
  • GIS
  • Interstate highway
  • Network analysis
  • Truck stop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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