Using serial analysis of myocardial gene expression employing endomyocardial biopsy starting material in a dilated cardiomyopathy cohort, we show that mRNA expression of the severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) cardiac myocyte receptor ACE2 is up-regulated with remodeling and with reverse remodeling down-regulates into the normal range. The proteases responsible for virus-cell membrane fusion were expressed but not regulated with remodeling. In addition, a new candidate for SARS-CoV-2 cell binding and entry was identified, the integrin encoded by ITGA5. Up-regulation in ACE2 in remodeled left ventricles may explain worse outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who have underlying myocardial disorders, and counteracting ACE2 up-regulation is a possible therapeutic approach to minimizing cardiac damage.
- angiotensin converting enzyme 2
- coronavirus disease 2019
- ventricular remodeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine