Dynamics of antioxidant heme oxygenase-1 and pro-oxidant p66Shc in promoting advanced prostate cancer progression

Dannah R. Miller, Matthew A. Ingersoll, Yu Wei Chou, Elizabeth A. Kosmacek, Rebecca E. Oberley-Deegan, Ming Fong Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The castration-resistant (CR) prostate cancer (PCa) is lethal and is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in U.S. males. To develop effective treatments toward CR PCa, we investigated reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling pathway for its role involving in CR PCa progression. ROS can regulate both cell growth and apoptosis: a moderate increase of ROS promotes proliferation; its substantial rise results in cell death. p66Shc protein can increase oxidant species production and its elevated level is associated with the androgen-independent (AI) phenotype of CR PCa cells; while heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an antioxidant enzyme and elevated in a sub-group of metastatic PCa cells. In this study, our data revealed that HO-1 and p66Shc protein levels are co-elevated in various AI PCa cell lines as well as p66Shc cDNA-transfected cells. Knockdown and/or inhibition of either p66Shc or HO-1 protein leads to reduced tumorigenicity as well as a reduction of counterpart protein. Knockdown of HO-1 alone results in increased ROS levels, nucleotide and protein oxidation and induction of cell death. Together, our data indicate that elevated HO-1 protein levels protect PCa cells from otherwise apoptotic conditions induced by aberrant p66Shc/ROS production, which thereby promotes PCa progression to the CR phenotype. p66Shc and HO-1 can serve as functional targets for treating CR PCa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-291
Number of pages18
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume193
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2022

Keywords

  • Castration-resistant prostate cancer
  • Dynamic redox balance
  • HO-1
  • Prostate cancer
  • p66Shc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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