Early Life Course Pathways of Adult Depression and Chronic Pain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Applying cumulative inequality theory, this study examines the extent to which childhood socioeconomic disadvantage and maternal depression increase the risk of major depression and chronic pain in U.S. working-aged adults. Further, I assess whether low socioeconomic status amplifies the risk of adult depression and/or pain. Using data from the 2003 National Comorbidity Survey Replication (N=4339), I find that socioeconomic disadvantage and maternal depression during youth increases the risk of adult depression and/or chronic pain. The probability of having chronic pain increases in magnitude over the life course for adults whose parents have lower educational attainment relative to those with more highly educated parents. Childhood socioeconomic circumstances are not completely explained by adulthood socioeconomic status indicators. These findings help illustrate the far-reaching influence of childhood context on adult physical and mental health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-91
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Health and Social Behavior
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2013

Keywords

  • cumulative inequality
  • depression
  • intergenerational
  • life c.
  • pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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