Early-life social adversity and developmental processes in nonhuman primates

Jeffrey A. French, Sarah B. Carp

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Most primate species produce offspring that are altricial and highly dependent upon caregivers. As a consequence, a host of developmental trajectories can be dramatically altered by variation in early experiences. We review the impact of early social experiences (in both experimental models and natural contexts) on developmental profiles in three species of nonhuman primates: marmosets, squirrel monkeys, and macaques. Graded exposure to early-life social adversity (ELSA) produces short- to long-term effects on multiple developmental outcomes, including affect, social behavior, cognitive and attentional processes, and in the neural substrates that underlie these sociobehavioral traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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