Early lumen loss after repeat coronary intervention for in-stent restenosis

Sanjay Malhotra, John Sweeny, Jeff Anderson, Thomas Lynch, Vincent Massullo, Shirish Jani, Richard A. Schatz, Prabhakar Tripuraneni, Paul S. Teirstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of balloon angioplasty versus repeat stenting on the early angiographic outcome in patients with in-stent restenosis. The treatment of in-stent restenosis using balloon angioplasty alone often yields excellent early results, but is associated with a high rate of late recurrence. In the SCRIPPS trial, patients with restenosis were treated either with balloon angioplasty alone or placement of additional stents to optimize angiographic results before randomization and exposure of the restenotic segment to gamma radiation or placebo. In patients undergoing repeat catheter based intervention for the treatment of in-stent restenosis, quantitative coronary angiography was used to compare the results of balloon angioplasty alone versus repeat stenting on early lumen loss. After a mean delay time interval of 71 min, the early loss was 0.35 ± 0.34 mm in the balloon angioplasty alone group compared to 0.01 ± 0.34 mm in the repeat-stenting group (P = 0.004). The early loss index in the balloon angioplasty alone group (12.8 ± 12.9%) was significantly greater than in the repeat stenting group (0.7 ± 12.1%; P = 0.003). Although balloon angioplasty for in-stent restenosis often provides excellent immediate angiographic results, luminal diameters are significantly reduced in the early time period after balloon dilatation. Repeat stenting nearly abolishes this early luminal loss. Cathet Cardiovasc Intervent 2001;52:35-38.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-38
Number of pages4
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001


  • Radiotherapy
  • Restenosis
  • Stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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