Eating Self-Regulation in Overweight and Obese Adults: A Concept Analysis

Jill R. Reed, Bernice C. Yates, Julia Houfek, Carol H Pullen, Wayne Briner, Kendra K Schmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Background: Poor eating behaviors greatly influence the development of becoming overweight or obese. Learning to better self-regulate eating is one area in which individuals can positively influence their own health. Purpose: The purpose of this concept analysis is to provide an in-depth analysis of the concept eating self-regulation as it pertains to overweight and obese adults using Walker and Avant's method. Results: The definition for eating self-regulation formulated as a result of this concept analysis and based on the critical attributes is the ability to initiate goal-related behaviors, to consistently self-monitor dietary intake, to regularly apply willpower to resist temptations, to self-evaluate where one stands in relationship to goal attainment, and finally to maintain motivation to positively change eating behaviors. Cognitive restraint, moderation, mindfulness, disinhibition, delayed gratification, emotions and moods, self-efficacy, social support, the environment, and physical activity are the antecedents that may influence eating self-regulation. Conclusion: Examining an individual's weight, body mass index, lipid levels, or blood pressure are some ways to determine if self-regulation of eating behavior is achieved. With a consistent definition of self-regulation and a better understanding of the critical factors that influence eating behaviors, research can better explore how to help individuals change their eating behaviors more effectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
JournalNursing Forum
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • Community health
  • Concept analysis
  • Wellness program

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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