The Zaire ebolavirus protein VP24 was previously demonstrated to inhibit alpha/beta interferon (IFN-α/β)-and IFN-γ-induced nuclear accumulation of tyrosine-phosphorylated STAT1 (PY-STAT1) and to inhibit IFN-α/β- and IFN-γ-induced gene expression. These properties correlated with the ability of VP24 to interact with the nuclear localization signal receptor for PY-STAT1, karyopherin α1. Here, VP24 is demonstrated to interact not only with overexpressed but also with endogenous karyopherin α1. Mutational analysis demonstrated that VP24 binds within the PY-STAT1 binding region located in the C terminus of karyopherin α1. In addition, VP24 was found to inhibit PY-STAT1 binding to both overexpressed and endogenous karyopherin α1. We assessed the binding of both PY-STAT1 and the VP24 proteins from Zaire, mouse-adapted Zaire, and Reston Ebola viruses for interaction with all six members of the human karyopherin α family. We found, in contrast to previous studies, that PY-STAT1 can interact not only with karyopherin α1 but also with karyopherins α5 and α6, which together comprise the NPI-1 subfamily of karyopherin αs. Similarly, all three VP24s bound and inhibited PY-STAT1 interaction with karyopherins α1, α5, and α6. Consistent with their ability to inhibit the karyopherin-PY-STAT1 interaction, Zaire, mouse-adapted Zaire, and Reston Ebola virus VP24s displayed similar capacities to inhibit IFN-β-induced gene expression in human and mouse cells. These findings suggest that VP24 inhibits interaction of PY-STAT1 with karyopherins α1, α5, or α6 by binding within the PY-STAT1 binding region of the karyopherins and that this function is conserved among the VP24 proteins of different Ebola virus species.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science