Economic input-output life cycle assessment of water reuse strategies in residential buildings

Derek Gardels, John Stansbury, Shannon Killion, Tian Zhang, Jill Neal, Mahmoud Alahmad, Charles Berryman, Siu Lau, Haorong Li, Avery Schwer, Jonathan Shi, Zhigang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The growth of cities is putting great strains on existing freshwater supplies in many areas, including the United States (Kloss, 2008). The United States Green Building Council (USGBC) has stated that buildings consume roughly 39 of all electricity and approximately 10 of all potable water (USGBC, 2008). The growing need for freshwater has lead to an increase in water reuse applications. However, some water reuse strategies actually result in an increase in energy usage and other environmental impacts. The objective of this study is to determine the environmental sustainability of three water reuse designs through economic input-output life cycle assessments (EIO-LCA). The water reuse designs include a simple greywater reuse system for subsurface landscape irrigation; an indoor greywater reuse system for toilet flushing and laundry washing; and a hybrid greywater and rainwater reuse system for landscape irrigation, toilet flushing, and laundry washing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011
Subtitle of host publicationBearing Knowledge for Sustainability - Proceedings of the 2011 World Environmental and Water Resources Congress
Pages1652-1662
Number of pages11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
EventWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011: Bearing Knowledge for Sustainability - Palm Springs, CA, United States
Duration: May 22 2011May 26 2011

Publication series

NameWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011: Bearing Knowledge for Sustainability - Proceedings of the 2011 World Environmental and Water Resources Congress

Conference

ConferenceWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011: Bearing Knowledge for Sustainability
CountryUnited States
CityPalm Springs, CA
Period5/22/115/26/11

Keywords

  • Economic factors
  • Life cycles
  • Residential buildings
  • Water management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Gardels, D., Stansbury, J., Killion, S., Zhang, T., Neal, J., Alahmad, M., Berryman, C., Lau, S., Li, H., Schwer, A., Shi, J., & Shen, Z. (2011). Economic input-output life cycle assessment of water reuse strategies in residential buildings. In World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011: Bearing Knowledge for Sustainability - Proceedings of the 2011 World Environmental and Water Resources Congress (pp. 1652-1662). (World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011: Bearing Knowledge for Sustainability - Proceedings of the 2011 World Environmental and Water Resources Congress). https://doi.org/10.1061/41173(414)172