Edge-decorated graphene nanoribbons by scandium as hydrogen storage media

Menghao Wu, Yi Gao, Zhenyu Zhang, Xiao Cheng Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


On the basis of density functional theory calculations, we show that edge-decorated graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) by scandium can bind multiple hydrogen molecules in a quasi-molecular fashion. The average adsorption energy of H 2 on Sc ranges from 0.17 to 0.23 eV, ideally suited to hydrogen storage. For the narrowest GNR with either armchair or zigzag edges, the predicted weight percentage of H 2 is >9 wt%, exceeding the gravimetric target value set by the Department of Energy (DOE). The bonding energy between Sc and the GNR is significantly greater than the cohesive energy of bulk Sc so that clustering of Sc will not occur once Sc is bonded with carbon atoms at the edge of GNRs. Moreover, the adsorption energy of H 2 can be modestly tuned (either enhanced or reduced) by applying an external electric field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)915-920
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 7 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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