Educational impact of the electronic medical record

Paul J Schenarts, Kimberly D. Schenarts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


The electronic medical record (EMR) is commonly thought to improve the safety and quality of care; however, there is scant information on the impact the EMR has on graduate medical education (GME). A review of English language literature was performed using MEDLINE and OVID databases using or combining the terms, EMR, GME, electronic health record, education, medical student, resident, clinical decisions support systems, quality, and safety. The EMR has a negative effect on teacher and learner interactions, clinical reasoning, and has an inconsistent impact on resident workflow. Data on the impact of the EMR on patient safety, quality of care, and medical finances are mixed. Based on the literature to date, the EMR has not had as dramatic an effect on patient outcomes is commonly believed. While the overall impact of the EMR on education seems to be negative, there are actions that can be taken to mitigate this impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-112
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • education
  • electronic health record
  • electronic medical record
  • surgical residency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


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