Effect of a Decision Aid on Agreement between Patient Preferences and Repair Type for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Mark A. Eid, Michael J. Barry, Gale L. Tang, Peter K. Henke, Jason M. Johanning, Edith Tzeng, Salvatore T. Scali, David H. Stone, Bjoern D. Suckow, Eugene S. Lee, Shipra Arya, Benjamin S. Brooke, Peter R. Nelson, Emily L. Spangler, Leila Murebee, Hasan H. Dosluoglu, Joseph D. Raffetto, Panos Kougais, Luke P. Brewster, Olamide AlabiAlan Dardik, Vivienne J. Halpern, Jessica B. O'Connell, Daniel M. Ihnat, Wei Zhou, Brenda E. Sirovich, Kunal Metha, Kayla O. Moore, Amy Voorhees, Philip P. Goodney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Importance: Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) can choose open repair or endovascular repair (EVAR). While EVAR is less invasive, it requires lifelong surveillance and more frequent aneurysm-related reinterventions than open repair. A decision aid may help patients receive their preferred type of AAA repair. Objective: To determine the effect of a decision aid on agreement between patient preference for AAA repair type and the repair type they receive. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cluster randomized trial, 235 patients were randomized at 22 VA vascular surgery clinics. All patients had AAAs greater than 5.0 cm in diameter and were candidates for both open repair and EVAR. Data were collected from August 2017 to December 2020, and data were analyzed from December 2020 to June 2021. Interventions: Presurgical consultation using a decision aid vs usual care. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who had agreement between their preference and their repair type, measured using χ2analyses, κ statistics, and adjusted odds ratios. Results: Of 235 included patients, 234 (99.6%) were male, and the mean (SD) age was 73 (5.9) years. A total of 126 patients were enrolled in the decision aid group, and 109 were enrolled in the control group. Within 2 years after enrollment, 192 (81.7%) underwent repair. Patients were similar between the decision aid and control groups by age, sex, aneurysm size, iliac artery involvement, and Charlson Comorbidity Index score. Patients preferred EVAR over open repair in both groups (96 of 122 [79%] in the decision aid group; 81 of 106 [76%] in the control group; P =.60). Patients in the decision aid group were more likely to receive their preferred repair type than patients in the control group (95% agreement [93 of 98] vs 86% agreement [81 of 94]; P =.03), and κ statistics were higher in the decision aid group (κ = 0.78; 95% CI, 0.60-0.95) compared with the control group (κ = 0.53; 95% CI, 0.32-0.74). Adjusted models confirmed this association (odds ratio of agreement in the decision aid group relative to control group, 2.93; 95% CI, 1.10-7.70). Conclusions and Relevance: Patients exposed to a decision aid were more likely to receive their preferred AAA repair type, suggesting that decision aids can help better align patient preferences and treatments in major cardiovascular procedures. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03115346.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E222935
JournalJAMA Surgery
Volume157
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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