Eicosanoid metabolism and its relationship with platelet-activating factor and oxygen free radical production in rat pancreas transplantation has been studied herein. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were classified in 4 experimental groups (n=8 each) as follows: group 1, control; group 2, pancreas transplantation, after 12 hr of organ preservation in University of Wisconsin solution; group 3, same as group 2 with desferrioxamine administration before revascularization of the organ in the recipient rat; and group 4, same as group 3 with administration of a platelet-activating factor antagonist (BN-52021). The results show posttransplantation increases in eicosanoid production in pancreatic tissue. The fact that desferrioxamine and BN-52021 administration could reverse increases in thromboxane B2, leukotriene B4, and 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid but only BN-52021 affected 6-keto-PGF1α levels suggests the existence of a close relationship between platelet-activating factor and oxygen free radical in eicosanoid production in pancreas transplantation and it points to a differential role of metabolites produced by circulatory cells and endothelial cells.
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