Effect of Antibody Orientation on Immunosorbent Performance

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23 Scopus citations


The impact of antibody orientation on immunosorbent efficiency was quantitatively assessed. A pH-dependent murine monoclonal antibody (Mab) against human protein C (hPC), recombinant hPC (rhPC) and two different immobilization chemistries and matrices were used as model systems. The lysyl groups of the rhPC were covalently modified with an acetic acid ester of N-hydroxysuccinimide and this modified rhPC was used as a Fab masking agent (FMA). The FMA was used to mask the antigen binding regions (Fab) of the Mab prior to and during covalent immobilization. Thereafter, the residual active sites of the support were inactivated and the FMA was removed. Mab was immobilizeed at low bead-averaged densities of about 0.4-1.1 mg Mab/mL matrix to minimize local density effects. Immunosorbents made using masked Mab (oriented coupling) gave antigen binding efficiencies (nAg) of 42-48% compared with 18-22% for those made by random coupling. The amount of (Fab)2 released from pepsin digestion of immunosorbents was about 3-4-fold higher for matrices having been made with FMA-masked Mab relative to unmasked Mab. Thus, the (Fab)2 accessibility to pepsin correlates well with higher functional efficiency (nAg) and serves as a measure of orientation. In summary, at low Mab density and a 2:1 molar rhPC to Mab binding stoichiometry, about 80% or more of the Mab randomly coupled through amino moieties was improperly oriented relative to oriented coupled Mab, which correlated with about 50% of lost Mab functionality upon immobilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-535
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular Recognition
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibody orientation
  • Immunosorbent performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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