Effect of control plot density, control plot arrangement, and assumption of random or fixed effects on nonreplicated experiments for germplasm screening using spatial models

Boi Sebolai, J. F. Pedersen, D. B. Marx, D. L. Boykin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early generation selection experiments typically involve several hundred to thousands of lines. Various systematic and statistical techniques have been developed to increase effectiveness and efficiencies in such experiments, including the development and application of spatial statistical models. In this study, mixed model equations were used to provide least squares means (LSMEANs) and best linear unbiased predictors (BLUPs) and compare selection effectiveness and efficiencies to observed (Y) and true values in simulated experiments varying in size (10 X 10, 20 X 20 and 30 X 30 grids), control plots densities (0, 5, 10, 20, and 50%), control plot arrangements (high, medium, and low A-optimality), and spatial range of influence (short and long). Results were similar for all grid sizes. In experiments in which the simulated land areas were highly variable (short range), none of the predictors, Y, LSMEAN, or BLUP, were very effective in identifying the true superior genotypes. When the simulated land areas were less variable (long range), use of BLUPs consistently resulted in the highest proportion of true top ranking genotypes identified across all control plot densities, while using the observed values consistently resulted in identification of the lowest proportion of the true top ranking genotypes. Effectiveness of LSMEANs was dependent on control plot density and arrangements. Use of BLUPs for early generation germplasm screening experiments should result in a high effectiveness in selecting truly superior germplasm and high efficiency because of the ability to account for spatial variability with the use of few or no control plots.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1978-1984
Number of pages7
JournalCrop Science
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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