Effect of crosslinking agent content, monomer functionality, and repeat unit chemistry on properties of unfilled resins

M. W. Beatty, M. L. Swartz, B. K. Moore, R. W. Phillips, T. A. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Seven mechanical/physical properties were used to evaluate 10 unfilled resins: eight aromatic dimethacrylates and two urethane dimethacrylates. Physical property tests included compressive strength, Young's modulus in compression, uniaxial tensile strength, intrinsic yield point, toothbrush abrasion, Knoop hardness, and water sorption. Controlled changes were made in the following four material parameters: amount of crosslinking diluent present in the uncured monomer, functionality of the monomer, repeat unit chemistry of the monomer (urethane vs. aromatic structure) and mode of activation (chemical vs. visible light). Polymers containing a high concentration of crosslinking agent (50 wt%) were found to be tougher and to possess lower hardness than materials containing lesser amounts of crosslinking agent. This was attributed to the flexible nature of the triethylene glycol dimethacrylate crosslinking molecule. Exposure to water plasticized the highly crosslinked materials to the degree that the yield point and elastic modulus were effectively lowered. Most of the tested properties were unaffected by differences in functionality except resistance to toothbrush abrasion, which was enhanced for polymers derived from high functionality monomers. The urethane‐based polymers sorbed substantially more water than the aromatic‐based materials, which presumably resulted in lower values for surface hardness. However, the urethane resins were very tough, and excellent resistance to toothbrush abrasion was observed. Property differences caused by differences in activation mode were small, although the visible light materials did sorb more water. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-413
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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