Effect of current tobacco use and history of an alcohol problem on health status in hospitalized patients

Christi A. Patten, Terry D. Schneekloth, Robert M. Morse, Linda M. Herrick, Kenneth P. Offord, Troy D. Wolter, Brent A. Williams, Richard D. Hurt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This prospective study assessed the relationship between current tobacco use and history of an alcohol problem to health status in hospitalized patients. Factors associated with current tobacco use and history of an alcohol problem were also evaluated. Data were collected using a self-administered survey distributed by nursing staff to adult inpatients registered on April 27, 1994 at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota affiliated hospitals. Respondents (N=589, 45% female) were classified into 4 subgroups based on current tobacco use status and history of an alcohol problem: (a) current tobacco use only (n=94, 16%); (b) history of an alcohol problem only (n 5 30, 5%); (c) both (n=27, 5%); or (d) neither (n=438, 74%). Patients with both current tobacco use and an alcohol problem history reported markedly lower scores on health status measures of general and mental health compared to the other three subgroups. Moreover, current tobacco use and history of an alcohol problem were each associated with increased psychological distress. Current tobacco use was predictive of a history of an alcohol problem and vice versa. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-136
Number of pages8
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Alcohol Problems
  • Cigarette Smoking
  • Health Status
  • Tobacco Use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Patten, C. A., Schneekloth, T. D., Morse, R. M., Herrick, L. M., Offord, K. P., Wolter, T. D., Williams, B. A., & Hurt, R. D. (2001). Effect of current tobacco use and history of an alcohol problem on health status in hospitalized patients. Addictive Behaviors, 26(1), 129-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4603(00)00079-4