Effect of dietary essential amino acid limitations upon the susceptibility to Salmonella typhimurium and the effect upon humoral and cellular immune responses in mice

T. M. Petro, J. K. Bhattacharjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the effects of dietary essential amino acid limitations on the susceptibility of mice to Salmonella typhimurium infections and on humoral and cellular immune (cell-mediated immune) responses of mice. Mice fed synthetic diets limited (significantly less than optimum concentration) in a single essential amino acid (leucine, isoleucine, valine, or lysine) for 3 weeks after they were weaned exhibited significantly enhanced susceptibility to S. typhimurium infection, as evidenced by the higher levels of mortality and spread of the bacterial cells in their livers and spleens compared with mice fed the control diet. Compared with mice fed the control diet, mice fed the diet limited in leucine had a lower ability to clear S. typhimurium cells from the peritoneal cavity 5 min after intraperitoneal injection, whereas mice fed the diet limited in lysine had a greater ability. The in vivo phagocytosis and in vitro bactericidal kinetics against S. typhimurium cells by peritoneal macrophages were not significantly different in the control group and the groups of mice fed experimental diets. Certain experimental groups exhibited significantly lower resistance and antibody response against S. typhimurium SL3770 on day 5 after immunization with heat-killed S. typhimurium SL3770. On day 8 after immunization, the levels of serum antibody against S. typhimurium in the mice fed the experimental diets were comparable to the levels in mice fed the control diet. However, the levels of serum transferrin and complement C3 were significantly lower in mice fed certain experimental diets. The cellular immune capacities of mice fed any of the experimental diets were not impaired compared with the capacities of mice fed the control diet, as measured by spleen cell responsiveness to phytohemagglutinin and the ability to clear infecting Listeria monocytogenes cells from livers and spleens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-259
Number of pages9
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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