Effect of incision direction on refractive outcome after radial keratotomy

Gerald W. Flanagan, Perry S. Binder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: Radial keratotomy incisions can be made centripetally or centrifugally. The benefits and effects of both techniques have been disputed since American surgeons began performing RK in the late 1970s. We examined the RK database of a single surgeon to determine if incision direction was associated with refractive outcome. METHODS: Stepwise regression was employed to select the important predictors of refraction change in the population. In addition to incision direction, variables eligible for entry into the model were optic clear zone diameter, incision number, patient age, corneal curvature and planned incision depth. RESULTS: All variables except for planned incision depth and corneal power entered the model. CONCLUSIONS: The results were consistent with previous investigations that found incision number, optic clear zone diameter and patient age important predictors of outcome. We also found incision direction to be a significant predictive variable with centripetal incisions decreasing myopia 0.6 diopters more than centrifugal incisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S299-S301
JournalJournal of Refractive Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology


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