Effect of iron substitution on the high-temperature properties of Sm(Co, Cu, Ti)z permanent magnets

Jian Zhou, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer, Wei Tang, George C. Hadjipanayis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recently, Ti-substituted Sm-Co permanent magnets have attracted renewed attention due to their interesting high-temperature coercivity. Our presentation deals with the effect of iron substitutions on the magnetic properties of the materials. X-ray diffraction shows that the investigated Sm(Co, Fe, Cu, Ti)z materials (z = 7.0 - 7.6) are two-phase magnets, consisting of 1:5 and 2:17 regions. The iron content affects both the coercivity and the magnetization. Depending on composition and heat treatment, some samples show a positive temperature coefficient of the coercivity in the temperature range from 22°C to 550°C. Moderate amounts of iron enhance the room-temperature coercivity. For example, the room-temperature coercivity of Sm(Co6.0Fe0.4Cu0.6Ti0.3) is 9.6 kOe, as compared to 7.6 kOe for Sm(Co6.4Cu0.6Ti0.3). At high temperatures, the addition of Fe has a deteriorating effect on the coercivity, which is as high as 10.0 kOe at 500°C for Sm(Co6.4Cu0.6Ti0.3). The room-temperature magnetization increases on iron substitution, from 73 emu/g for Sm(Co6.4Cu0.6Ti0.3) to 78 emu/g for Sm(Co6.0Fe0.4Cu0.6Ti0.3). The observed temperature dependence is ascribed to the preferential dumbbell-site occupancy of the Fe atoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)U2.3.1-U2.3.6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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