Double exchange (DE), superexchange (SE), and higher-order contributions to the exchange interaction energy between Mn layers in (Formula presented) are studied using the linear-muffin-tin-orbital method as generalized to treat noncollinear magnetic configurations. The degree of the internal lattice distortion (Formula presented) and the angle (Formula presented) between ferromagnetically ordered Mn layers are considered as simulation parameters. We find that both global and internal lattice distortions dramatically influence the character of the exchange interactions: global distortions associated with variations of the apical Mn-O bond length promotes the DE contribution; the bending of the Mn-O bonds in the (Formula presented) plane suppresses the DE and promotes the antiferromagnetic SE contribution to the interlayer exchange energy. Overall, the character of exchange interactions is determined by SE contributions: in hypothetical ferromagnetic phases DE interactions mediated by itinerant electrons is present but still rather small compared with SE; in antiferromagnetic phases this DE is negligible and non-Heisenberg terms are small compared with SE. We find further that a metal-to-semiconductor transition (in the sense of a band-gap opening) occurs in the range of parameters of magnetic and lattice distortion variations given by (Formula presented) and (Formula presented) 0.7.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics