Effect of locally applied simvastatin on clinical attachment level and alveolar bone in periodontal maintenance patients: Randomized clinical trial

Amy C. Killeen, Lauren E. Krell, Mattie Bertels, Mary M. Christiansen, Laura Anderson, Robin L. Hattervig, Kaeli K. Samson, Dong Wang, Richard A. Reinhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this double-masked, randomized, controlled trial was to determine if the local application of simvastatin (SIM), combined with minimally invasive papilla reflection and root planing (PR/RP), is effective in improving clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD) reduction, and increasing interproximal bone height (IBH) in persistent 6–9 mm periodontal pockets in patients receiving periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT). Methods: Fifty patients with Stage III, Grade B periodontitis presenting with a 6–9 mm interproximal PD with a history of bleeding on probing (BOP) were included in the study. Experimental [PR/RP+SIM/methylcellulose (MCL); n = 27] and control (PR/RP+MCL; n = 23) therapies were randomly assigned. Root surfaces were accessed via reflection of interproximal papillae, followed by RP assisted with endoscope evaluation, acid etching, and SIM/MCL or MCL application. CAL, PD, BOP, plaque presence, and IBH (using standardized vertical bitewing radiographs) were evaluated at baseline and 12 months. Measurements were compared by group and time using Chi-square, Wilcoxon rank-sum, and t-tests. Results: Both PR/RP+SIM/MCL and PR/RP+MCL, respectively, resulted in improvements in clinical outcomes (CAL: -1.9 ± 0.3 mm, p < 0.0001; -1.0 ± 0.3 mm, p < 0.003; PD: -2.3 mm ± 0.3, p < 0.0001; -1.3 mm ± 0.3, p < 0.0001; BOP: -58.7%; -41.7%, p < 0.05) and stable IBH (-0.2 ± 0.12, -0.4 ± 0.2, p = 0.22) from baseline to 12 months post-therapy. PR/RP+SIM/MCL had more improvement in CAL (p = 0.03), PD (p = 0.007), and BOP (p = 0.047). Conclusions: The addition of SIM/MCL to PR/RP improved CAL, PD, and BOP compared with PR/RP alone in periodontal maintenance patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of periodontology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • inflammation
  • periodontitis
  • regeneration
  • simvastatin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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