Effect of NOS inhibition on rat gastric matrix metalloproteinase production during endotoxemia

Emily K. Robinson, Christine M. Seaworth, James W. Suliburk, Sasha D. Adams, Lillian S. Kao, David W. Mercer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) degrade the extracellular matrix and contribute to LPS-induced gastric injury. MMPs are closely modulated by their activators, membrane type-MMP (MT-MMPs) and their endogenous inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). As LPS-induced gastric injury is mediated in part by iNOS, and NO modulates MMP production in vitro, we hypothesized that NOS inhibition would similarly modulate LPS-induced gastric MMP production. Therefore, the purpose of these studies was to compare the effects of selective and nonselective NOS inhibition on LPS-induced gastric MMP production. Methods - Sprague-Dawley rats were given either the nonselective NOS inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 5 mg/kg, s.c.), a selective iNOS inhibitor, aminoguanidine (45 mg/kg, i.p.) or L-N-iminoethyl-lysine (L-NIL; 10 mg/kg, i.p.), or vehicle 15 min before saline or LPS (20 mg/kg, i.p.) and killed 24 h after LPS administration. Stomachs were assessed for macroscopic injury (computed planimetry), and gastric mucosal MMP production was assessed by gelatin zymography, in situ zymography, and Western analysis for MMP-2, MT1-MMP, and TIMP-2. (n ≥ 4/group; ANOVA). Results - Aminoguanidine treatment decreased LPS-induced macroscopic gastric injury as well as MMP-2 and MT1-MMP protein production while having no effect on TIMP-2 protein levels. L-NIL similarly attenuated the induction of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP by LPS. L-NAME failed to attenuate LPS induced gastric injury or MT1-MMP protein induction and increased MMP-2 levels. L-NAME similarly had no effect on gastric TIMP-2 production. Conclusions - Selective iNOS inhibition decreases gastric MMP-2 activity after LPS administration, whereas nonselective inhibition increases MMP-2 levels. The ability of selective iNOS inhibition to ameliorate LPS-induced gastric injury may be due in part to its inhibition of active MMP-2 production, whereas nonselective NOS inhibitors increase MMP-2 levels and maintain gastric injury after LPS administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-514
Number of pages8
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Aminoguanadine
  • Gelatinase
  • Injury
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • MT1-MMP
  • N -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester
  • NO
  • TIMP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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