Effect of PF-04217329 a prodrug of a selective prostaglandin EP 2 agonist on intraocular pressure in preclinical models of glaucoma

Ganesh Prasanna, Samantha Carreiro, Scott Anderson, Hovhannes Gukasyan, Soisurin Sartnurak, Husam Younis, David Gale, Cathie Xiang, Peter Wells, Dac Dinh, Chau Almaden, Jay Fortner, Carol Toris, Michael Niesman, Jennifer Lafontaine, Achim Krauss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Better control of intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most effective way to preserve visual field function in glaucomatous patients. While prostaglandin FP analogs are leading the therapeutic intervention for glaucoma, new target classes also are being identified with new lead compounds being developed for IOP reduction. One target class currently being investigated includes the prostaglandin EP receptor agonists. Recently PF-04217329 (Taprenepag isopropyl), a prodrug of CP-544326 (active acid metabolite), a potent and selective EP 2 receptor agonist, was successfully evaluated for its ocular hypotensive activity in a clinical study involving patients with primary open angle glaucoma. In the current manuscript, the preclinical attributes of CP-544326 and PF-0421329 have been described. CP-544326 was found to be a potent and selective EP 2 agonist (IC 50 = 10 nM; EC 50 = 2.8 nM) whose corneal permeability and ocular bioavailability were significantly increased when the compound was dosed as the isopropyl ester prodrug, PF-04217329. Topical ocular dosing of PF-04217329 was well tolerated in preclinical species and caused an elevation of cAMP in aqueous humor/iris-ciliary body indicative of in vivo EP 2 target receptor activation. Topical ocular dosing of PF-04217329 resulted in ocular exposure of CP-544326 at levels greater than the EC 50 for the EP 2 receptor. PF-04217329 when dosed once daily caused between 30 and 50% IOP reduction in single day studies in normotensive Dutch-belted rabbits, normotensive dogs, and laser-induced ocular hypertensive cynomolgus monkeys and 20-40% IOP reduction in multiple day studies compared to vehicle-dosed eyes. IOP reduction was sustained from 6 h through 24 h following a single topical dose. In conclusion, preclinical data generated thus far appear to support the clinical development of PF-04217329 as a novel compound for the treatment of glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-264
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Cynomolgus monkeys
  • Dogs
  • EP agonist
  • EP2 receptor
  • Glaucoma
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Rabbits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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