Effect of phytase on apparent total tract digestibility of phosphorus in corn-soybean meal diets fed to finishing pigs

B. J. Kerr, T. E. Weber, P. S. Miller, L. L. Southern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Five experiments were conducted to investigate the ability of different phytase products to improve P digestibility in finishing pigs. A corn-soybean meal basal diet containing 0.50% Ca, 0.32% P, and 0.40% Cr2O3 was used to calculate apparent P and GE digestibility. Pigs were individually penned and fed their respective diet for ad libitum intake for 12 d before fecal sampling on d 13 and 14 and blood collection on d 14 for plasma P determination. Experiments 1 through 4 used gilts with across-trial average initial and final BW of 84 and 97 kg, respectively. Pigs were fed Natuphos (Exp. 1), OptiPhos (Exp. 2), Phyzyme (Exp. 3), or RonozymeP (Exp. 4) at 0, 200, 400, 600, 800, or 1,000 phytase units (FTU)/kg (where 1 FTU is defined as the quantity of enzyme required to liberate 1 μmol of inorganic P per min, at pH 5.5, from an excess of 15 μmol/L of sodium phytate at 37°C). Experiment 5 used barrows with initial and final BW of 98 and 111 kg, respectively, and were fed diets containing 0, 500, or 1,000 FTU/kg of Natuphos, OptiPhos, Phyzyme, or RonozymeP. Pigs fed Natuphos (Exp. 1) and OptiPhos (Exp. 2) exhibited a linear and quadratic (P < 0.01) improvement in P digestibility with increasing levels of dietary phytase, whereas pigs fed Phyzyme (Exp. 3) and RonozymeP (Exp. 4) exhibited a linear (P < 0.01) improvement in apparent P digestibility with increasing levels of dietary phytase. In Exp. 5, the improvement in apparent P digestibility with increasing levels of dietary phytase was linear (P < 0.01) for Natuphos, Phyzyme, and RonozymeP, but was linear and quadratic (P < 0.01) for OptiPhos. Based on regression analysis, inorganic P release at 500 FTU/kg was predicted to be 0.070, 0.099, 0.038, and 0.030% for Natuphos, OptiPhos, Phyzyme, and RonozymeP, respectively. These estimates are comparable with those of pigs in Exp. 5, for which the estimated inorganic P release at 500 FTU/kg was 0.102, 0.039, and 0.028% for OptiPhos, Phyzyme, and RonozymeP, respectively, but not for the 0.034% value determined for Natuphos. The effect of dietary phytase on GE digestibility was inconsistent with a linear (P < 0.01) improvement in GE digestibility noted for OptiPhos (Exp. 2 and 5) and RonozymeP (Exp. 4), but the quadratic (P < 0.01) improvement for Natuphos. There was no effect of dietary phytase on plasma inorganic P. The data presented show clear improvements in P digestibility, with the estimated level of inorganic P release being dependent on phytase source and level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-247
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Digestible phosphorus
  • Finishing pig
  • Phytase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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