Effect of size, shape, composition, and support film on localized surface plasmon resonance frequency: A single particle approach applied to silver bipyramids and gold and silver nanocubes

Emilie Ringe, Jian Zhang, Mark R. Langille, Kwonnam Sohn, Claire Cobley, Leslie Au, Younan Xia, Chad A. Mirkin, Jiaxing Huang, Laurence D. Marks, Richard P. Van Duyne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR), collective electron oscillations in nanoparticles, are being heavily scrutinized for applications in chemical and biological sensing, as well as in prototype nanophotonic devices. This phenomenon exhibits an acute dependence on the particle's size, shape, composition, and environment. The detailed characterization of the structure-function relationship of nanoparticles is obscured by ensemble averaging. Consequently, single-particle data must be obtained to extract useful information from polydisperse reaction mixtures. Recently, a correlated high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) LSPR technique has been developed and applied to silver nanocubes. We report here a second generation of experiments using this correlation technique, in which statistical analysis is performed on a large number of single particles. The LSPR dependence on size, shape, material, and environment was probed using silver right bipyramids, silver cubes, and gold cubes. It was found that the slope of the dependence of LSPR peak on size for silver bipyramids increases as the edges become sharper. Also, a plasmon shift of 96 nm was observed between similar silver and gold cubes, while a shift of 26 nm was observed, for gold cubes, between substrates of refractive index (RI) of 1.5 and 2.05.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExcitons and Plasmon Resonances in Nanostructures II
Pages52-57
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2010
Event2009 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 30 2009Dec 4 2009

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume1208
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other2009 MRS Fall Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period11/30/0912/4/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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