Effect of sleep state and position on obstructive respiratory events distribution in adolescent children

Karim El-Kersh, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Paras M. Patel, Egambaram Senthilvel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of sleep state (rapid eye movement [REM] versus non-rapid eye movement [NREM]) and position (supine versus non-supine position) on obstructive respiratory events distribution in adolescent population (ages 12 to 18 y). Methods: This was a retrospective study that included 150 subjects between the ages of 12 to 18 y with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 1/h. Subjects using REM sleep-suppressant medications and subjects with history of genetic anomalies or craniofacial syndromes were excluded. Results: The median age was 14 y with interquartile range (IQR) of 13 to 16 y, 56% of patients were males and the median body mass index (BMI) z-score was 2.35 (IQR: 1.71-2.59) with 77.3% of patients fulfilling obesity criteria. Respiratory obstructive events were more common in REM sleep. The median REM obstructive AHI (OAHI) was 8.9 events per hour (IQR: 2.74-22.8), whereas the median NREM OAHI was 3.2 events per hour (IQR: 1.44-8.29; p < 0.001). African American adolescents had more REM obstructive events with median REM OAHI of 13.2 events per hour (IQR: 4.88-30.6), which was significantly higher than median REM OAHI of 4.94 (IQR: 2.05-11.36; p = 0.004) in white adolescents. Obstructive events were more common in supine position with higher median supine OAHI of 6.55 (IQR: 4-17.73) when compared to median non-supine OAHI of 2.94 (IQR: 1-6.54; p < 0.001). Conclusions: This study shows that sleep related obstructive respiratory events in the adolescents (12 to 18 y of age) occur predominantly in REM sleep and in supine position.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-517
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent sleep apnea
  • NREM OSA
  • REM OSA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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