Effect of Superhydrophobic Coating and Nanofiller Loading on Facial Elastomer Physical Properties

Rahmi Khairani Aulia, Mark W. Beatty, Bobby Simetich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Facial prosthetics are currently constructed of materials that are far from optimal; superior materials with a “skin-like” feel are required. In this study, the property changes brought about by the consecutive additions of hydrophobic- and uncoated nano-SiO2 to polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) are assessed, and the alterations are compared with those observed for conventional submicron SiO2-filled materials. In sequence, 0%, 0.5%, 5%, 10%, and 15% by weight of each filler type were successively added to vinyl-terminated PDMS. Tensile, tear, Durometer hardness, translucency, and viscoelastic properties were assessed, and hardness and translucency were further measured after 3000 h of outdoor weathering. The results showed that 15% coated nano- SiO2-filled PDMS materials given the highest tensile strength, elastic modulus, storage modulus, loss modulus, tear strength, and durometer hardness (p < 0.05), whereas 15% submicron coated SiO2-filled materials displayed the highest failure strain and translucency parameter (p < 0.05). Only 10%- and 15%-filled submicron SiO2 PDMS materials were altered by outdoor weathering; nevertheless, the increases were assessed to be too small to be clinically perceptible. As increased filler levels provided protection against solar radiation, heat, and moisture, only unfilled and 0.5%-filled PDMS formulations discolored from weathering. 15%-filled superhydrophobic-coated nano- SiO2-filled PDMS was found to produce the strongest, most tear-resistant, and least translucent materials, but it also produced materials with limited stretchability and high hardness, which were regarded to be downsides for creating a “skin-like” feel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7343
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • facial prosthetic
  • nanoparticles
  • physical properties
  • polydimethyl siloxane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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