Effect of talker sex on infants' detection of spondee words in a two-talker or a speech-shaped noise masker

Lori J. Leibold, Crystal N. Taylor, Andrea Hillock-Dunn, Emily Buss

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Speech recognition performance in the presence of competing speech is typically better for adults when the target and masker talkers are different sexes than when the target and masker talkers are the same sex. One explanation for this result is that the acoustic differences between male and female speech productions promote segregation of the two streams of speech, thus leading to a reduction in informational masking. In this study, an observer-based psychophysical procedure was used to compare infants' (7-13 months) masked speech detection thresholds for spondee words produced by a male or a female talker in either a two-female-talker or a speech-shaped noise masker. Infants were assigned to a single testing condition. Maskers were presented continuously throughout testing at an overall level of 50 dB SPL, fixed throughout testing. Following training to an 80%-correct criterion, thresholds for the target word were measured adaptively using a 2-down, 1-up procedure. Preliminary data indicate that infants' thresholds were similar for the female and male target words in both the two-female-talker and the speech-shaped noise masker.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number060074
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Jun 2 2013Jun 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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