Effectiveness and safety of extended-duration prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in major urologic oncology surgery

Janet E.Baack Kukreja, Helen R. Levey, Emil Scosyrev, Maureen Kiernan, Claudia Berrondo, Carrie McNamee, Guan Wu, Jean V. Joseph, Ahmed Ghazi, Hani Rashid, Ann Dozier, Edward M. Messing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the association between extended-duration prophylaxis (EDP), low-molecular-weight heparin prophylaxis for 28 days after surgery for urologic cancer in patients at high risk of developing a venous thromboembolism (VTE), the risk of VTE, and the complications resulting from VTE prophylaxis. Materials and methods: The cohort included 332 patients at high risk for VTE who were surgically treated for urologic cancer from June 2011 to June 2014. Adherence to VTE prophylaxis protocol, VTEs, and complications within 365 days from surgery were tracked. Patients were grouped as follows: (1) per protocol in-hospital prophylaxis with EDP (. n = 107), (2) per protocol in-hospital prophylaxis without EDP (. n = 42), (3) not per protocol in-hospital prophylaxis with EDP (. n = 83), and (4) not per protocol in-hospital prophylaxis without EDP (. n = 100). The risk of VTE was compared between the 4 groups using the Cox model, with adjustment for baseline risk factors. Results: The rates of VTEs and median times to VTE were 7% and 58 days in group 1, 17% and 44 days in group 2, 17% and 46 days in group 3, and 21% and 15 days in group 4, respectively. Adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for VTE were HR = 0.27 (95% CI: 0.11-0.70) for groups 1 vs. 4; HR = 0.66 (95% CI: 0.25-1.60) for groups 2 vs. 4; and HR = 0.66 (95% CI: 0.29-1.26) for groups 3 vs. 4 with a trend of P = 0.002. The incidence of complications from VTE prophylaxis was not significantly different between the groups, with a rate of 8% in group 1, 17% in group 2, 6% in group 3, and 12% in group 4 (. P = 0.33). Conclusions: In high-risk urologic cancer surgery patients, a clinical protocol, with perioperative and EDP, is safe and effective in reducing VTE events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387.e7-387.e16
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Neoplasms
  • Prevention and control
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Surgery
  • Venous thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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