Effectiveness of Class C Fly Ash on Mitigating Alkali-Silica Reaction in Concrete Pavement

Kromel E. Hanna, George Morcous, Maher K. Tadros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Throughout the state of Nebraska, Portland cement concrete pavements (PCCP) use Platte River sand and gravel exclusively as a fine aggregate. It has been well established that this aggregate is a reactive aggregate that can potentially lead to alkali-silica reaction (ASR). Fly ash has been used as an economic and effective way for ASR mitigation. However, Class C fly ash produced by Nebraska power plants has been identified as a major contributor to the premature deterioration of PCCP. This paper presents the experimental work performed to assess the effect of using Class C fly ash in PCCP to control ASR. The ASTM C 1567 test method was adopted to evaluate the expansion in 16 different mixes that contain different proportions of Class C fly ash, Class F fly ash, slag, and cement. Four mixes have been chosen for overall performance testing based on the ASTM C 1567 test results and material cost. These mixes, which contain at least 15% Class C fly ash in addition to Class F fly ash and/or slag, showed better performance over the current standard mix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-181
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Construction Education and Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2009


  • Alkali-silica reaction
  • Concrete durability
  • Concrete pavement
  • Fly ash
  • Reactive aggregate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Education


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