Effects of 6 weeks of aerobic exercise combined with conjugated linoleic acid on the physical working capacity at fatigue threshold

Nathaniel D.M. Jenkins, Samuel L. Buckner, Robert B. Baker, Haley C. Bergstrom, Kristen C. Cochrane, Joseph P. Weir, Terry J. Housh, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation in conjunction with 6 weeks of aerobic exercise training on the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold (PWC FT), timed sit-ups, and the standing long jump. Thirty-three untrained to moderately trained men (mean ± SD; age = 21.6 ± 2.8 years) participated in this double-blind, placebo-controlled study and were randomly assigned to either a CLA (Clarinol A-80; n = 17) or placebo (PLA; sunflower oil; n = 16) group. Before and after 6 weeks of aerobic training (50% V̇O2peak for 30 minutes, twice per week) and supplementation (8 ml CLA or PLA per day), each subject completed an incremental cycle ergometer test to exhaustion to determine the PWCFT, maximal number of sit-ups in 1 minute, and the standing long jump. There were no differences (all p ≥ 0.23) between the CLA and PLA groups for the analysis of covariance-adjusted posttest mean values for PWCFT, sit-ups, or standing long jump. The PWCFT increased from pre- to posttraining in the CLA (p = 0.003) and PLA (p = 0.003) groups. There were no differences (p > 0.05) from pre- to posttraining for sit-ups and standing long jump in either the CLA or PLA groups. There was no effect of CLA on the training-induced increases in PWC FT, nor were there any effects of CLA or aerobic training on the maximum number of sit-ups or standing long jump. Thus, CLA had no ergogenic benefits on this model of aerobic training-induced improvements in neuromuscular fatigue, or on field tests of muscle endurance and power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2127-2135
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • CLA
  • Electromyographic amplitude
  • Endurance training
  • Fatty acids
  • Neuromuscular
  • Supplementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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