Effects of 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α and prostaglandin F2α on serum progesterone concentration and corpus luteum size in ewes

D. T. Yates, L. J. Yates, D. M. Hallford, T. T. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) is luteolytic in sheep. This study assessed luteolytic ability of an isomer, 8- epi-PGF2α. Ten ewes were estrus-synchronized and blood serum was collected for 12 days and analyzed for progesterone concentration. Ewes were laparoscopically administered 200 μg 8-epi-PGF2αor PGF2α, or placebo in each ovary on day 8 and ovariectomized on day 13. Corpora lutea (CL) were weighed. Serum progesterone was reduced (P < 0.041) by PGF2α on day 9, but recovered to control levels (P = 0.646) by day 10. Interestingly, 8-epi-PGF2α increased (P < 0.050) serum progesterone on days 9, 10, and 12. However, area under curve for serum progesterone between days 8 and 12 did not differ (P = 0.165) among treatments. In ewes administered PGF2α, serum progesterone decreased sharply (P < 0.001) after treatment, but recovered (P = 0.217) to pre treatment levels by day 11, indicating limited luteolysis after one-time dosage. Mean CL weight did not differ (P = 0.836) among treatments, but weight of largest CL was reduced by 8-epi-PGF2α (P = 0.032) and PGF2α (P = 0.015). One-time, intraovarian administration of 8-epi-PGF2α at this dosage did not cause luteolysis. Additionally, serum progesterone is capable of recovery from one-time, intra-ovarian administration of PGF2α.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1429
Number of pages5
JournalAfrican Journal of Agricultural Research
Volume6
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 18 2011

Keywords

  • 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α
  • Luteolysis
  • Prostaglandin F2α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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