The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of lowering the extracellular calcium concentration on GnRH-stimulated LH glycosylation and LH translation, as measured by the incorporation of [3H]glucosamine (3H-Gln) and [35S]methionine (35S-Met) into immunoprecipitable LH. Cultured anterior pituitary cells, previously exposed to estradiol (5 Ã� 10-10 M) to maximize precursor incorporation were incubated for 4 h in normal calcium (2.5 mM) or low calcium medium (Î¼M) containing radiolabeled precursors with or without 1 nM GnRH. In the presence of normal calcium, GnRH significantly increased 3H-Gln-labeled LH in the medium (278%) and cells (290%), as well as total (cells plus medium) 3H- Gin LH (280%) compared to the control value (no GnRH). GnRH also significantly increased the 35S-Met LH released into the medium (164%) and total 35S-Met LH (186%) over control values. Depletion of extracellular calcium completely inhibited GnRH-stimulated 3H-Gln LH and 35S-Met LH production. Total immunoreactive LH (iLH), as measured by RIA, was also increased significantly by GnRH treatment in the presence of calcium, but this response was prevented by removal of calcium from the medium. Lowering extracellular calcium had no effect on cellular uptake or incorporation of 3H-Gln or 35S-Met into total trichloroacetic acid-precipitable protein. Approximately 80% of newly synthesized LH was released into the medium in all treatment groups independent of whether calcium or GnRH was present. The specific activity (disintegrations per min/Î¼g iLH) of radiolabeled LH released into the medium was significantly reduced by treatment with GnRH due to the large amount of unlabeled iLH released into the medium. However, when the cells were incubated in low calcium, the SA of 3H-Gln LH and 35S-Met LH in the medium was unaltered by GnRH, whereas GnRH-stimulated iLH release was inhibited. We conclude that GnRH stimulation of LH glycosylation and LH apoprotein synthesis involves extracellular calcium-dependent events, and the release of newly synthesized LH is closely coupled to LH biosynthesis and is less dependent on extracellular calcium, whereas the GnRH-stimulated release of previously synthesized, stored LH is dependent on extracellular calcium.
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