Effects of a stocking on plantar sensation in individuals with and without ankle instability

Christopher J. Burcal, Matthew C. Hoch, Erik A. Wikstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Introduction: It is unknown whether footwear has a beneficial or deleterious effect on cutaneous sensitivity. We aimed to test a preliminary model of footwear and its effect on tactile perception among groups of controls, copers, and chronic ankle instability participants. Methods: Light-touch thresholds were obtained for 45 participants (age: 20.2 ± 2.8 years; height: 167.6 ± 9.8 cm; mass: 66.3 ± 14.7 kg) using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments at the head of the first metatarsal (1MT), base of the fifth metatarsal (5MT), and calcaneus (CAL). Baseline measurements were compared with those taken after wearing a nylon stocking for 5 min. Results: Thresholds were increased at all 3 sites when the stocking was worn (P < 0.05). Controls had an increase at 1MT, copers had an increase at 5MT and CAL, and chronic ankle instability had an increase at CAL. Conclusions: Cutaneous thresholds increase when subjects wear a nylon stocking, a model for the sensory effects of footwear. A history of ankle injury appears to influence which sites have altered sensibility. Muscle Nerve, 2016. Muscle Nerve 55: 513–519, 2017.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-519
Number of pages7
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments
  • chronic ankle instability
  • footwear
  • mechanoreceptor
  • sensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)


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