Effects of computer-assisted instruction on correct responding and procedural integrity during early intensive behavioral intervention

Tiffany Kodak, Wayne W. Fisher, Andrea Clements, Kelly J. Bouxsein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is used to teach a variety of skills to children with developmental disabilities. However, it remains unclear whether CAI or direct instruction from a therapist produces better learning outcomes. In addition, no studies have evaluated the ease of training therapists to implement CAI versus direct instruction. In the first experiment, the current study compared acquisition of mastered and unmastered targets during generalization training with CAI or one-on-one instruction with a child diagnosed with autism. Although correct responding was similar across CAI and one-on-one instruction, independent responding was higher during CAI. In the second experiment, we compared procedural integrity during teaching trials conducted either via CAI or one-on-one instruction by three inexperienced therapists. The therapists read a protocol and asked questions prior to implementation of the instructional trials. Results indicated that each therapist implemented CAI with 90-100% accuracy by the second session, whereas procedural integrity levels were 60% or lower during one-on-one instruction. The advantages of using CAI to promote independent responding during generalization training and procedural integrity for inexperience therapists are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)640-647
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Computer-assisted instruction
  • Early intensive behavioral intervention
  • Generalization training
  • Procedural integrity
  • Staff training
  • Therapist training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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