Using published experimental data on the thermal conductivity, mutual diffusivity, and heats of transport, the degree of coupling between heat and mass flows has been calculated for binary and ternary nonideal liquid mixtures. The binary mixtures consist of two types: The first is six systems of six-to-eight-carbon straight and branched chain alkanes in chloroform and in carbon tetrachloride: And the second is mixtures of carbon tetrachloride with benzene, toluene, 2-propanone, n-hexane, and n-octane. The ternary mixture considered is toluene-chlorobenzene-bromobenzene. The published data are available at 25°C, 30°C and 35°C and ambient pressure. Using the linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics (LNET) and the dissipation-phenomenological equation (DPE) approach, the effects of concentration, temperature, molecular weight, chain-length, solute, solvent, and branching on the degree of coupling are examined. The extent of coupling and the thermal diffusion ratio are expressed in terms of the transport coefficients to obtain a better understanding of the interactions between heat and mass flows in liquid mixtures. It is found that the composition of the heavy component bromobenzene changes the direction and magnitude of the two-flow coupling in the ternary mixture.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes