Effects of fructose and troglitazone on phospholipid fatty acid composition in rat skeletal muscle

J. N. Clore, J. Li, W. B. Rizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Skeletal muscle phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) composition is associated with insulin sensitivity in animal models and in man. However, it is not clear whether changes in insulin sensitivity cause a change in PLFA composition or vice versa. The present studies have examined the effects of agents known to increase or decrease insulin sensitivity on PLFA composition of the major phospholipids, phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), in soleus and extensor digitorum longus muscle. Four groups of Sprague-Dawley rats control, 0.2% troglitazone (Tgz), 60% fructose fed, and fructose + Tgz - were treated for 3 wk. Fructose feeding was associated with a decrease in muscle membrane polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and n-3 fatty acids in both PC and PE. Administration of Tgz alone resulted in an increase in liver (3.75 ± 0.93 to 6.93 ± 1.00 μmol/min/mg tissue, P > 0.05) and soleus muscle (0.34 ± 0.03 to 0.67 ± 0.09 μmol/min/mg, P > 0.01) elongase activity, which would be expected to increase membrane PUFA. However, Tgz decreased PLFA associated with greater insulin sensitivity (e.g., PUFA and n-3 fatty acids) and increased PLFA associated with decreased insulin sensitivity (16:0 and n-6 fatty acids) in both PC and PE. Co-administration of fructose and Tgz did not reverse the decrease in PUFA observed with fructose alone. We conclude that the improvement in insulin sensitivity reported with Tgz is associated with an apparently paradoxical effect to decrease PUFA and n-3 PLFA composition in rat skeletal muscle. These studies suggest that Tgz-mediated increases in insulin sensitivity do not result in improved PLFA composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1281-1287
Number of pages7
JournalLipids
Volume35
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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