Effects of pluronic and doxorubicin on drug uptake, cellular metabolism, apoptosis and tumor inhibition in animal models of MDR cancers

Elena V. Batrakova, Shu Li, Anna M. Brynskikh, Amit K. Sharma, Yili Li, Michael Boska, Nan Gong, R. Lee Mosley, Valery Yu Alakhov, Howard E. Gendelman, Alexander V. Kabanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer chemotherapy is believed to be impeded by multidrug resistance (MDR). Pluronic (triblock copolymers of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly(propylene oxide) (PPO), PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO) were previously shown to sensitize MDR tumors to antineoplastic agents. This study uses animal models of Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL-M27) and T-lymphocytic leukemia (P388/ADR and P388) derived solid tumors to delineate mechanisms of sensitization of MDR tumors by Pluronic P85 (P85) in vivo. First, non-invasive single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and tumor tissue radioactivity sampling demonstrate that intravenous co-administration of P85 with a Pgp substrate, 99Tc-sestamibi, greatly increases the tumor uptake of this substrate in the MDR tumors. Second, 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) in live animals and tumor tissue sampling for ATP suggest that P85 and doxorubicin (Dox) formulations induce pronounced ATP depletion in MDR tumors. Third, these formulations are shown to increase tumor apoptosis in vivo by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for caspases 8 and 9. Altogether, formulation of Dox with P85 results in increased inhibition of the growth solid tumors in mice and represents novel and promising strategy for therapy of drug resistant cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-301
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume143
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Doxorubicin
  • MDR
  • Metabolism
  • Pluronic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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