Effects of red imported fire ants on northern bobwhite chicks

William M. Giuliano, Craig R. Allen, R. Scott Lutz, Stephen Demarais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Populations of red imported fire ants (RIFA; Solenopsis invicta) have spread rapidly throughout the southeastern United States. RIFA, directly or indirectly, negatively affect many wildlife species, and northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) appear to be particularly susceptible. We examined the effect of exposure to different numbers of RIFA for 15 and 60 seconds on body mass and survival of captive northern bobwhite chicks. Compared to unexposed birds, survival of chicks was reduced with exposure to as few as 50 RIFA for 60 seconds, or 200 RIFA for 15 seconds, and body mass was lower in chicks exposed to 200 RIFA for 60 seconds. Our results support the hypothesis that quail populations can be adversely affected by direct exposure to RIFA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-313
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Wildlife Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Colinus virginianus
  • Solenopsis invicta
  • body mass
  • chick
  • northern bobwhite
  • red imported fire ant
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation


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