Effects of Synovex C implants on growth rate, pelvic area, reproduction, and calving performance of replacement heifers.

R. F. Hancock, G. H. Deutscher, M. K. Nielsen, D. J. Colburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Two trials were conducted to evaluate effects of Synovex C implants on replacement heifers, given at two different ages. Crossbred heifer calves (n = 370) were allotted to four treatments: 1) nonimplanted controls, 2) implanted at 2 mo, 3) implanted at 6 mo, and 4) implanted at both 2 and 6 mo of age. Heifers implanted at 2 mo gained 7 kg more (P = .01) by 6 mo than those not implanted at 2 mo. No differences were found in 22-mo weights. All implanted heifers had larger (P = .01) yearling pelvic area than controls. All heifers implanted at 6 mo continued to have larger (P = .01) pelvic area at 22 mo. All implanted heifers had higher (P = .05) occurrence of non-ovulatory estrus. No differences were found among treatments in percentage of heifers puberal before breeding, in estrus first 21 d of breeding, or in first-service conception rate. In only one trial, pregnancy first 21 d and total pregnancy in 63-d breeding season were decreased (P = .05) by implanting at 6 mo. At subsequent calving, an interaction existed between the effects of the 2- and the 6-mo implant for calf birth weight and pelvic area:birth weight ratio. A single implant at either 2 or 6 mo decreased (P = .01) calving difficulty score; and implanting at both 2 and 6 mo showed the greatest reduction in calving difficulty. Implants had no significant long-term effects on reproduction or calf production of 2-yr-old cows.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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