Effects of the innervation zone on the time and frequency domain parameters of the surface electromyographic signal

Cory M. Smith, Terry J. Housh, Trent J. Herda, Jorge M. Zuniga, Eric D. Ryan, Clayton L. Camic, Haley C. Bergstrom, Doug B. Smith, Joseph P. Weir, Joel T. Cramer, Ethan C. Hill, Kristen C. Cochrane, Nathaniel D.M. Jenkins, Richard J. Schmidt, Glen O. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The purposes of the present study were to examine the effects of electrode placements over, proximal, and distal to the innervation zone (IZ) on electromyographic (EMG) amplitude (RMS) and frequency (MPF) responses during: (1) a maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), and; (2) a sustained, submaximal isometric muscle action. A linear array was used to record EMG signals from the vastus lateralis over the IZ, 30 mm proximal, and 30 mm distal to the IZ during an MVIC and a sustained isometric muscle action of the leg extensors at 50% MVIC. During the MVIC, lower EMG RMS (p> 0.05) and greater EMG MPF (p< 0.05) values were recorded over the IZ compared to away from the IZ, however, no differences in slope coefficients for the EMG RMS and MPF versus time relationships over, proximal, and distal to the IZ occurred. Thus, the results of the present study indicated that during an MVIC, EMG RMS and MPF values recorded over the IZ are not comparable to those away from the IZ. However, the rates of fatigue-induced changes in EMG RMS and MPF during sustained, submaximal isometric muscle actions of the leg extensors were the same regardless of the electrode placement locations relative to the IZ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-570
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015


  • Amplitude
  • Electromyography
  • IZ
  • Linear array
  • MPF
  • Patterns of responses
  • RMS
  • Vastus lateralis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of the innervation zone on the time and frequency domain parameters of the surface electromyographic signal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this