Effects of transversity in deep-inelastic scattering by polarized protons

A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, A. Bacchetta, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodsky, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. CisbaniG. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, U. Elschenbroich, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, G. Hill, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, N. Kobayashi, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, L. Lagamba, R. Lamb, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, L. A. Linden-Levy, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, X. G. Lu, X. R. Lu, B. Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C.R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfré, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martínez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, N. Pickert, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J.M. Steijger, H. Stenzel, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, P. B. van der Nat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, C. Vogel, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, H. Ye, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

157 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single-spin asymmetries for pions and charged kaons are measured in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of positrons and electrons off a transversely nuclear-polarized hydrogen target. The dependence of the cross section on the azimuthal angles of the target polarization (ΦS) and the produced hadron (Φ) is found to have a substantial sin(Φ+ΦS) modulation for the production of π+, π- and K+. This Fourier component can be interpreted in terms of non-zero transversity distribution functions and non-zero favored and disfavored Collins fragmentation functions with opposite sign. For π0 and K- production the amplitude of this Fourier component is consistent with zero.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-16
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume693
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • Collins function
  • Polarized structure functions
  • Semi-inclusive DIS
  • Single-spin asymmetries
  • Transversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Airapetian, A., Akopov, N., Akopov, Z., Aschenauer, E. C., Augustyniak, W., Avakian, R., Avetissian, A., Avetisyan, E., Bacchetta, A., Belostotski, S., Bianchi, N., Blok, H. P., Borissov, A., Bowles, J., Brodsky, I., Bryzgalov, V., Burns, J., Capiluppi, M., Capitani, G. P., ... Zupranski, P. (2010). Effects of transversity in deep-inelastic scattering by polarized protons. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 693(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.08.012